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Child Neuroeducation is a discipline of recent appearance that brings together neuroscientific, psychological and educational knowledge, which tries to bring parents and educators closer to knowledge about how children's brains work and how the environment that surrounds them facilitates or hinders their development, in order to enhance their learning process and reduce risk factors.
In this sense, parents have the fundamental role of providing children with adequate resources for their learning and if they know how the brain works, they can help their integral development in a more effective way.
Scientific studies show that early childhood (from birth to 6 years) is a crucial stage that requires essential care and experiences that allow build solid pillars in the child's brain for adequate future teaching:
- Nutrition: The brain of children requires a balanced diet to fulfill essential brain functions and malnutrition causes delays in motor and cognitive development such as inattention or poor memory capacity, which affects the ability to learn.
- Dream: Children should sleep the hours indicated for their age, since sleep allows the consolidation and consolidation of the learning carried out during the day in long-term memory and maintains the levels of attention during the day.
- Physical exercise: Children should perform physical exercise on a regular basis, especially aerobic exercise, as it improves cognitive performance by causing changes in the structure and functionality of their brain that facilitate learning.
- Curiosity: Learning in the first years of life should be spontaneous, playful and pleasant since if the child's curiosity is activated, attention is also activated and the acquisition and consolidation of the things learned is facilitated. One way of learning through curiosity is through play, so it is essential that all children have free time to play and have fun learning.
- To experience. Up to 6 years of age, children have very concrete thinking and learn through movement, perceptions and sensations, since they are also the first areas of the brain to develop. Therefore, children need to interact and experiment directly with what is being taught.
- New technologies: The use of new technologies (television, tablet, consoles, computer) by children has positive effects and can facilitate learning when they are used in a moderate way (for example, 15 minutes a day), since it optimizes the activation of the brain areas that are responsible for attention, memory, planning, reasoning, decision-making or emotional self-regulation.
- Rules. Children must have rules from a very young age, since it allows them to know how they have to act and they learn to anticipate consequences, facilitating their learning.
- Affected: The affective bond from birth allows the child to adapt to the environment, regulate his frustration, trust himself and seek autonomy, essential factors for learning.
- Learning by observation: During the first years of life, most of the learning that children carry out occurs by observation, so that adults have to act as models for them, since children learn cognitive, social and emotional skills from them.
Álava Reyes Psychology Center
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