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Literacy in children. How to incentivize it

Literacy in children. How to incentivize it


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Reading is an activity that consists of interpreting and deciphering, through sight, the phonic value of a series of written signs, either mentally or aloud.

Writing is the system of representation of words or ideas by means of letters or another set of conventional graphic signs and it forces us to reflect before transmitting information. When we combine writing with reading, we have literacy.

Reading and writing are complementary activities that open doors to the world, and on which our later learning will depend. When we read, our mind stores the information on how words are spelled correctly, which is why spelling is learned effortlessly and the importance of acquiring the habit of reading from children is so stressed.

Literacy is the union of writing and reading, and the ability to do it correctly brings us closer to understanding a text. Reading and writing well, as we have said before, is knowing how to decipher and interpret, it allows us to build meanings to expand our knowledge and organize ideas.

For children to start in literacy, we have to try to capture their interest, using words that are attractive to them and that are part of their environment. Painting, drawing and coloring helps to learn to write.

Children learn by imitation, so it is essential to promote an environment conducive to reading, in which stories, poetry, posters, etc. are read and handled. We must give reading and writing a practical and functional character in which children feel that usefulness.

1. Better to start with capital letters. When little ones start to write their name, their best friend's name, their pet's name or their favorite toys, they begin to become aware of how individual and connected letters sound, and later they will begin to recognize words and sentences. It is advisable to start learning with capital letters. Not all children learn at the same rate and generating situations that enhance interest in the world of letters will always be very positive.

2. Use of signs. So that our children become familiar with letters soon and reinforce their learning, we can turn to signs. Place one on the door of your room where your name and photo are written, write the name of your pet, for example, 'Pancho' and place it under the image of your dog, make a sign with the word 'stories' in their reading corner, put on the wall a poster of their favorite cartoon character with their name on it etc. they are very simple tricks that can help us in this task. Over time, they will associate the word with the image it contains and will learn without realizing it.

3. Word games. There are letter games on the market made of non-toxic materials, of different colors and sizes, with which we can play to put syllables, form words and have fun with our little ones. We can also cut out letters from magazines and newspapers and make new words with them. We will expand the activities as they learn.

Knowing the curiosity that children have for fairy tales we can do to memorize a nursery rhyme on this subject, and write it to them in a visible place so that they can see it whenever they want. Although they seem small for these activities, children in early childhood education are perfectly capable of carrying them out. I leave you one of my poems so that you can work with it.

THE FAIRY OF THE NIGHT

In the firefly forest

live 'The Fairy of the Night'

has a magic wand,

and some already know it,

A sick firefly

it was very dull,

and he was very sad,

because it didn't light up.

Her friends worried,

they went to call the fairy,

who walked at night,

with his enchanted wand.

To the sick firefly,

with his wand he touched,

and at the moment with its light,

the little face lit up.

Taking advantage of technology for our purpose and using computers and tablets with simple games will always be fun for children to learn.

To finish I leave you a phrase of Mario Vargas Llosa, Nobel Prize in Literature. Learning to read is the most important thing that ever happened to me. Almost 70 years later, I clearly remember that magic of translating words into images. '

You can read more articles similar to Literacy in children. How to incentivize it, in the On-site Learning category.


Video: How You Can Improve Literacy in Kids (November 2022).